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Typical Types of Personal Injury Medical Treatments

Medical Treatment in the Personal Injury Time Line

Personal injury litigation involves diagnosis and medical treatment of injuries that result from car accidents, medical malpractice, defective products or drugs, or other circumstances in which someone other than the injured person is liable. The relevance and significance of the medical diagnosis to the personal injury litigant's suit varies. In most instances, personal injury attorneys advise clients to seek and obtain medical treatment as soon as possible post-accident or injury. Often, medical treatment may be provided at the scene of the accident or injury by emergency medical personnel.

Injury or Accident Types

There are several types of injuries that may result from an accident or other incident. Some injuries are present immediately. Other types may not manifest until one to several days later. Still, other injuries are ongoing and require treatment well into the future, sometimes for decades. Often, injuries resulting from an auto accident can be treated in about three months, but in some cases, such as for chronic injuries, treatment may span years or decades. It is important for an injured claimant to seek thorough medical treatment that adequately and appropriately addresses all applicable types of injury, to attend all medical appointments, and follow all directives.

Sprains and Strains

A frequent type of personal injury involves diagnosis and medical treatment of a sprain or strain. Personal injury victims can potentially receive compensation for non-economic losses (pain, suffering, and mobility-type issues). The impact of particular injuries on the victim's life and severity of the sprain or strain will determine the amount of damages recoverable. A personal injury victim is able to file suit and seek compensation for her economic losses incurred because of the negligence of another that caused a sprain or strain, including medical costs, future rehabilitation, and non-economic losses. A sprain or strain can trigger serious and longer-term issues, involving pain, discomfort, and mobility.


Whiplash often occurs in cases of auto accidents involving rear-end collisions. Other terms for the injury include cervical sprain, cervical strain, or hyperextension injuries. Injuries to vertebrae, muscles, and ligaments can result. This is usually not an injury that is recognized and diagnosed right away. Tightness and stiffness in the neck, neck pain, dizziness, headaches, balance and equilibrium problems, back pain, memory loss, and concentration problems can manifest.

Providers and Treatment

Personal injury victims are often referred to back and neck experts, chiropractors, neurologists, and medical specialists. These providers give treatment that includes neck immobilization, cervical collars or braces, physical therapy, muscle relaxants, range-of-motion therapy, MRIs, cervical traction, surgery, and massage therapy. Future medical treatment may be needed for physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. Other post-injury medical treatment may include corrective surgery, cosmetic surgery, wound care, catheters, and injections.